Famous national parks & reserves of India
India, rich in flora and fauna, is home to some globally-recognised national parks and game reserves. From Uttarakhand’s Jim Corbett National Park to West Bengal’s Sundarbans National Park, all attract nature and wildlife enthusiasts in large numbers every year. Mentioned here are few of the famous parks and reserves of the country.
1.Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Binsar covers the top of the Jhandi Dhar hills, and is a mid-altitude wildlife sanctuary, home to wild boar, deer, monkey, black bear, porcupine, mountain goat, red fox, jackal, pine marten, leopards, 200 species of birds and more. At the top of the local hills there’s a point with an amazing view of the Himalayan range: a 300-km wide stretch of peaks that include Kedarnath (6942 m), Chaukhamba (7140 m), Trishul (7120 m), Nanda Devi (7816 m), Nanda Kot (6611 m) and Panchchuli (6904 m).
2.Sundarbans National Park:
Including the region of mangrove forests between the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, Sundarbans National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site and home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. Other park fixtures include the Sajnekhali Sanctuary with its large bird population and Bhagabatpur, which is the world’s largest hatchery of estuarine crocodiles. The best time to visit the park is from September to May when the winter chill brings out the Royal Bengal Tigers to rest in the sunlight.
3.Manas National Park
Assam is a place of huge biodiversity, since it is largely unspoiled in terms of natural habitats. Its world famous Manas National Park, located on the lowest slopes of the Eastern Himalayas, preserves rainforests packed with rare tree species and wetlands fed by some of the highest rainfall levels on earth, not to mention the Manas River, a tributary of the sacred Brahmaputra River. The river splits into two separate rivers, namely, Beki and Bholkaduba. There are also five other smaller rivers you can find here inside the sanctuary. Species, such as the Asian elephant and Indian rhinoceros, which are dwindling fast in other areas, are beginning to thrive here with the assistance of various conservation projects. These animals, as well as tigers, leopards, langurs, Indian wild dogs, pangolins, sloth bears, gibbons, monitor lizards and expansive fauna have made wildlife watching and eco-tourism increasingly popular among those who are happy with the basic accommodation available in this unspoiled chunk of paradise. There are also Manas National Park resorts that are great for you and your family to spend some quality time in. This presents a wonderful opportunity for you to explore the wilderness of Assam. The only permanent human aspect of the Manas National Park is perhaps the Agrang village, located in the very centre, in the tiger reserve; apart from being an isolated and beautiful forest community, it’s also talked about for incidents of villagers being eaten by tigers in the 1970s! The park was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list in the year 1985. You can reach Manas National Park from Guwahati by driving for about 5 hours.
One of the most important activities one can do here is to take the jungle safari, which is fun by all means. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary animals are well-preserved, and are a sight to see when you embark on this wonderful journey. The sprawling national park is bound to delight adults and children alike, and there is much more awaiting you than you can imagine. Of course the most famous residents here at the park are the wild water buffalos. The Manas National Park tourism has divided the park into three ranges. Panbari is the western range, while central is the Bansbari which is near Barpeta Road, and the eastern is at Bhuiyapara near Pathsala. The majority of visitors come to Bansbari and also tend to go further inside the forest to spend some quality time at Mathanguri, which is located on the river at the Bhutan border. Manas Wildlife sanctuary animals are kept in the best of conditions, and enjoy the well-maintained environment of the sanctuary.
The Manas National Park is aptly located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, and is just the right atmosphere for a great sanctuary such as this. There is a diverse habitat here in the sanctuary, with special recommendation for the birds here. Here you will find the endangered Bengal Florican, and also the Great Hornbill. There are about 380 species of birds found here, and some of the notable ones include Greater Adjutant, Black-tailed Crake, Red-headed Trogo, Swamp Francolin, Wreathed and Rufous-necked Hornbill, Marsh, and Jerdon’s Blabber.
4.Kaziranga National Park:
In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.
5.Jim Corbett National Park:
Corbett National Park is the country’s very first wildlife reserve of India established way back in 1936. Originally christened the Hailey National Park, it was renamed the Ramganga National Park in 1955-56, and finally Jim Corbett National Park in the honour of the legendary hunter-turned- conservationist, best known for hunting man-eating tigers and leopards in the Kumaon and lower Garhwal in the 1920s.
The park, with a core area of 520.86 sq km is famous for its huge diversity of wildlife and as the birthplace of Project Tiger: it was one of the nine tiger reserves created at the launch of the project in 1973. In 1991, an area of 797.72 sq km was added as a buffer area of the Corbett Tiger Reserve which includes the Kalagarh and Ramnagar forest divisions.
The main animals found in the national park include the tiger, elephant, chital, sambar, nilgai, gharial, king cobra, wild boar, hedgehog, common musk shrew, flying fox, Indian pangolin, and nearly 600 species of birds. The Park receives thousands of visitors every year and a variety of facilities are available to house tourists within and outside the Park.